ENVIS Centre, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Govt. of India

Printed Date: Friday, March 1, 2024

State Symbols of India

 India has several state symbols that represent its cultural, historical, and natural identity. The state symbols of India include:

  1. State Emblem:
The State Emblem of India is an adaptation of the Lion Capital of Ashoka, an ancient sculpture. It features four Asiatic lions back-to-back mounted on a circular base. The words "Satyameva Jayate" (Truth Alone Triumphs) are inscribed below the emblem.
  1. State Flag:
Each state in India has its own flag, which often incorporates the state emblem or other regional symbols. However, the design and use of state flags are subject to certain guidelines to maintain uniformity with the national flag.
  1. State Anthem:
Some states have their own anthems that represent the cultural heritage and ethos of the state. However, the national anthem, "Jana Gana Mana," is common throughout India.
  1. State Animal:
Each state has its own designated state animal. For example, the Bengal Tiger is the state animal of West Bengal.
  1. State Bird:
Similarly, each state has a designated state bird. For instance, the Indian Roller is the state bird of Karnataka.
  1. State Flower:
States have their own state flowers. For example, the Lotus is the state flower of several states, including Haryana and Karnataka.
  1. State Tree:
States also have designated state trees. The Banyan tree is the state tree of several states, including Gujarat and Telangana.
  1. State River:
Some states have designated a specific river as their state river. For instance, the Yamuna is the state river of Delhi.
  1. State Dance:
Each state has its own traditional dance forms. For example, Bharatanatyam is the state dance of Tamil Nadu.
  1. State Festival:
States often designate a particular festival as their state festival. For instance, Diwali is the state festival of several states, including Uttar Pradesh.
 
 
 
It's important to note that while some symbols are common across multiple states, many states have unique symbols that reflect their individual cultural and natural heritage. The recognition and designation of state symbols are typically done by the respective state governments. Let us have a breif look at the state symbols of India:
 

S.No.

State Name

State Capital

State Animal

State Bird

State Tree

State Flower

1.

Andhra Pradesh

Amaravati

Blackbuck

 (Antilope cervicapra)

Rose-ringed parakeet (Psittacula krameri)

Neem

(Azadirachta indica)

 

 Jasmine

 (Jasminum officinale)

2.

Arunachal Pradesh

Itanagar

 

Mithun

 (Bos frontalis)

 

Hornbill

(Buceros bicornis)

Hollong

(Dipterocarpus macrocarpus)

Foxtail orchid

(Rhynchostylis retusa)

3.

Assam

Dispur

One-horned rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis)

 

White-winged duck (Asarcornis scutulata)

Hollong

(Dipterocarpus macrocarpus)

Foxtail orchid (Rhynchostylis retusa)

4.

Bihar

Patna

Gaur

(Mithun)

House Sparrow

(Passer domesticus)

Peepal tree

(Ficus religiosa)

 

Marigold

(Tagetes)

5.

Chhattisgarh

Raipur

बन भईसा

 (Bubalus arnee)

पहारी मईना (Gracula religiosa)

सरई

(Shorea robusta)

चंदैनी गोंदा (Tagetes patula)

6.

Goa

Panaji

Gaur

(Bos gaurus)

Ruby Throated Yellow Bulbul

(Pycnonotus gularis)

Matti

 (Terminalia crenulata)

Frangipani (Red jasmine)

(Plumeria rubra)

7.

Gujarat

Gandhinagar

Asiatic Lion

(Panthera leo persica)

Greater Flamingo (Phoenicopterus roseus)

Banyan Tree

(Ficus benghalensis)

Marigold

 (Tagetes)

8.

Haryana

Chandigarh

Blackbuck (kala hiran)

(Antilope cervicapra)

Black francolin (Francolinus francolinus)

Peepal (Ficus religiosa)[

Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera)

9.

Himachal Pradesh

Shimla

Snow leopard

(Uncia uncia)[

Western tragopan (Tragopan melanocephalus)

Deodar cedar (Cedrus deodara)

Pink rhododendron (Rhododendron campanulatum)

10.

Jharkhand

Ranchi

Indian elephant (Elephas maximus indicus)

Asian koel (Eudynamys scolopaceus)

Sal (Shorea robusta)

Palash (Butea monosperma)

 

11.

Karnataka

Bengaluru

Indian elephant (Elephas maximus indicus)

Indian roller (Coracias indica)

Sandalwood (Santalum album)

Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera)

12.

Kerala

Thiruvanan-thapuram

Indian elephant (Elephas maximus indicus)

Great hornbill (Buceros bicornis)

Coconut tree (Cocos nucifera)

Golden Shower Tree (Cassia fistula)

 

13.

Madhya Pradesh

Bhopal

Barasingha (Rucervus duvaucelii)

Indian paradise flycatcher (Terpsiphone paradisi)

Banyan tree

Madonna lily (Lilium candidum)

14.

Maharashtra

Mumbai

Indian giant squirrel (Ratufa indica)

Yellow-footed green pigeon (Treron phoenicoptera)

Mango Tree (Mangifera indica)

Pride of India/Jarul (Lagerstroemia speciosa)

15.

Manipur

Imphal

Sangai (Rucervus eldii eldii)

Nongin (Syrmaticus humiae)

Uningthou (Phoebe hainesiana)

Siroi lily (Lilium mackliniae)

16.

Meghalaya

Shillong

Clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa)

Hill myna (Gracula religiosa)

Gamhar (Gmelina arborea)

Lady's Slipper Orchid (Paphiopedilum insigne)

17.

Mizoram

Aizawl

Himalayan serow (Capricornis thar)

Mrs. Hume's pheasant (Syrmaticus humiae)

Indian rose chestnut (Mesua ferrea)

Red Vanda (Renanthera imschootiana)

18.

Nagaland

Kohima

Mithun Bison

(Bos frontalis)

Blyth's tragopan (Tragopan blythii)

Alder (Alnus nepalensis)\

Tree rhododendron (Rhododendron arboreum)

19.

Odisha

Bhubaneswar

Sambar deer (Cervus unicolor)

Indian roller (Coracias benghalensis)  

Sacred fig (Ficus religiosa)

 

Ashoka tree (Saraca asoca)

20.

Punjab

Chandigarh

Blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra)

Baaz (Accipiter gentilis)

Sheesham (Dalbergia sissoo)

Gladiolus (Gladiolus grandiflorus)

21.

Rajasthan

Jaipur

Chinkara (Gazella bennettii)

Indian bustard (Ardeotis nigriceps)

Khejri (Prosopis cineraria)

Rohida (Tecomella undulata)

22.

Sikkim

Gangtok

Red panda (Ailurus fulgens)

Blood pheasant (Ithaginis cruentus)

Rhododendron (Rhododendron niveum)

Noble dendrobium (Dendrobium nobile)

23.

Tamil Nadu

Chennai

Nilgiri Varaiyaadu

Nilgiri Tahr
(Nilgiritragus hylocrius)

Maragadhappuraa

Common Emerald Dove
(Chalcophaps indica)

Panai Maram

Palm Tree
(Borassus flabellifer)

Chengaandhal

Flame Lily
(Gloriosa superba)

24.

Telangana

Hyderabad

Spotted deer

(Axis axis)

Indian roller

(Coracias benghalensis)

Jammi Chettu

(Prosopis cineraria)

Tangidi Puvvu (Senna auriculata)

25.

Tripura

Agartala

Phayre's leaf monkey (Trachypithecus phayrei)

Green imperial pigeon (Ducula aenea)

Agarwood

(Aquilaria malaccensis)

Indian rose chestnut (Mesua ferrea)

26.

Uttar Pradesh

Lucknow

Barasingha

(Rucervus duvaucelii)

Sarus crane

(Grus antigone)

Ashoka

(Saraca asoca)

Palash

(Butea monosperma)

27.

Uttarakhand

Dehradun (Winter)
Gairsain (Summer

musk deer (Moschus chrysogaster)

Himalayan monal (Lophophorus impejanus)

Burans (Rhododendron arboreum)

Brahma Kamal (Saussurea obvallata)

28.

West Bengal

Kolkata

Fishing cat (Prionailurus viverrinus)

White-throated kingfisher

(Halcyon smyrnensis)

Blackboard tree (Alstonia scholaris)

Night-flowering jasmine (Nyctanthes arbor-tristis)