ENVIS Centre, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Govt. of India

Printed Date: Tuesday, June 18, 2024

Biosphere reserves in India

 

Biosphere reserves in Asia and the Pacific

There are 176 biosphere reserves in 24 countries in Asia and the Pacific.
The Asia and the Pacific region counts four regional networks
  • The East Asian Biosphere Reserve Network (EABRN) launched in 1994,
  • The Pacific Man and the Biosphere Network (PacMAB) created in 2006,
  • The South and Central Asia MAB Network (SACAM) created in 2002, and
  • The Southeast Asian Biosphere Reserve Network (SeaBRnet) created in 1998.
 

Biosphere reserves in India

Biosphere reserves are sites established by countries and recognized under UNESCO's Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme to promote sustainable development based on local community efforts and sound science.The programme of Biosphere Reserve was initiated by UNESCO in 1971. The purpose of the formation of the biosphere reserve is to conserve in situ all forms of life, along with its support system, in its totality, so that it could serve as a referral system for monitoring and evaluating changes in natural ecosystems. 

 

There are total 12 biosphere reserves in India. Here are the clickable list of biosphere reserves.

 

S.No.

Biosphere Reserves (12)

Year of Designation 

1. 

Nilgiri

2000

2.  

Gulf of Mannar

2001

3.  

Sunderban

2001

4.  

Nanda Devi

2004

5.  

Nokrek

2009

6.  

Pachmarhi

2009

7.  

Similipal

2009

8.  

Achanakmar-Amarkantak

2012

9.  

Great Nicobar

2013

10.  

Agasthyamala

2016

11.  

Khangchendzonga

2018

12.  

Panna

2020

(Please on the Biosphere Reserves for more detailed info)