ENVIS Centre, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Govt. of India

Printed Date: Wednesday, June 3, 2020

Edible Seeds

 

Edible Seeds
 
 
S. No.
Botanical name/Common name
Family
Edible part
1
Abrus precatorius (C)
(Gunchi, Rati)
Fabaceae
Boiled seeds are edible
2
Bambusa bambos (B)
(Kantabans)
Bambusaceae
Seeds are used as a substitute of rice
3
Carallia brachiata (T)
Rhizophoraceae
The oil extracted from the seed is used as a substitute for ghee
4
Dalbergia rimosa (S)
Fabaceae
Seeds are edible
5
Ephedra gerardiana (S)
Ephedraceae
Seeds are edible
6
Firmiana colorata (T)
(Bodula, Samari)
Sterculiaceae
Eaten raw or roasted
7
Garcinia morella (T)
(Tamal)
Clusiaceae
Seed yields fat used as substitute of ghee
8
Heritiera littoralis (T)
Sterculiaceae
Eaten raw and cooked
9
Impatiens balsamina (H)
(Gulmendi)
Balsaminaceae
Seed gives oil used as edible oil
10
Lepisanthes rubiginosa (T)
(Ritha)
Sapindaceae
Roasted
11
Madhuca longifolia (T)
(Mahua)
Sapotaceae
Ghee is prepared from seeds
12
Nelumbo nucifera (H)
(Kanwal, Kamal)
Nymphaeaceae
Eaten raw or roasted
13
Oroxylum indicum (T)
(Arlu, Ullu)
Bignoniaceae
Eaten as vegetable
14
Pandanus fascicularis (S)
(Keura)
Pandanaceae
Edible
15
Quercus leucotricophora  (T) (Banj)
Fagaceae
Edible
16
Rourea minor (S)
(Kalavidhara, Vidhara)
Connaraceae
Ripe seeds are edible
17
Schizostachyum fuchsianum (B)
Bambusaceae
Used as food
18
Tamarindus indica (T)
(Amli, Imli)
Caesalpiniaceae
Kernels are boiled or fried before eating
19
Trapa natans (H)
(Singhara)
Trapaceae
Eaten raw, boiled or cooked
20
Urtica parviflora (H)
(Bichu-buti)
Urticaceae
Nutritious edible
21
Vigna khandalensis (H)
Fabaceae
Occasionally used
22
Ximenia americana (T)
Olacaceae
Oil extracted is used as substitute for ghee
23
Ziziphus mauritiana (T)
Rhamnaceae
Edible
 
 
 
B- Bamboo, C- Climber, H- Herb,  S- Shrub, T- Tree
Source: Dwivedi, A.P. Forests: The non-wood resources. Dehradun, IBD.