ENVIS Centre, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Govt. of India

Printed Date: Thursday, October 28, 2021

Classification of Indian Resins and Gum

 

Classification of Indian Resins and Gum
 
Category
Typical product in world trade
Source of typical Indian products
True gum
Gum Arabic
Gum tragacanth
Acacia nilotica
A.  catechu
A.  modesta
A.  Senegal
Anogeissus latifolia
Bauhinia retusa
Cochlospermum religiosum
Lannea coromandelica
Pterocarpus marsupium
Sterculia urens
S. villosa
Several minor species
Hard resins
Copal Dammar
Amber
Lacquer
Shellac
Sandarac
Mastic
Canarium strictum
Hopea odorata
Shorea robusta
Vateria indica
Oleo-resins
Turpentine
Balsama of Peru of tolu
of styrax or
storax
other oleo-resin
Copaiba
Elemi
Pinus roxburghii and three
other Pinus species
Boswellia serrata
Dipterocarpus turbinatus
Kingiodendron pinnatum
Gum resins
Gamboge
Assafoetida
Galbanum
Myrrh
Olibanum, or
Frankincense
Garcinia morella
Commiphora mukul
 

Source: Nautiyal, S. and Kaul, A.K. Eds. Non-timber forest products of India. Dehradun, Jyoti Publishers.  2003.